Anaxyrus terrestris, 28 February 2015

Anaxyrus terrestris, the Southern toad;
Lake county, Florida (28 February 2015).

If you’re in peninsular Florida and you see a toad hopping about a yard, odds are it’s a Southern toad, Anaxyrus terrestris. Of course, if the toad is ridiculously huge, it might be a non-native toad… and if the toad is absurdly small, it might be an oak toad… but the domain of StandardToadSizeâ„¢ (2-4 inches in length or so) belongs to the Southern toad. Notable on this species are the paratoid glands situated on the head (the big bumps a bit behind each eye) and a set of crest-like ridges. Despite popular folklore, Southern toads aren’t toxic to humans. Though they can secrete a mild irritant from their paratoid glands as a defensive measure, this secretion is not really toxic to humans. As for dogs, the non-native Cane toads pose more of a danger than our native Southern toads — but Cane toads are still somewhat limited in their range across the peninsula.

Learn more about Southern toads.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: